Swaraj Prakash Gupta (SP Gupta, 1931-2007), better known as S.P. Gupta, was an archaeologist and historian of Indian art. He was president of the Indian Archaeological Society and worked as director of the Allahabad Museum.
Gupta was born in 1931. He remained single all his life. Gupta was a scholar, writer, and authority on the history of Indian art. He has written articles and books on the subject. Gupta has also undertaken several archaeological excavations in Harappan sites. At the time of his death, he was the president of the Indian Archaeological Society, New Delhi. Gupta has worked and lectured in more than 30 countries around the world. He is the author of many books. He was also the editor of several volumes of Puratattva, the bulletin of the Indian Archaeological Society. He was a distinguished archaeologist and art historian, who has received several gold medals and the Sir Mortimer Wheeler Award for Excellence in Archeology. The first Wakankar Vishnu Shridhar National Award from the Government of Madhya Pradesh was presented to SP Gupta, in recognition of his dedication and contribution to archaeological research. The Indian Society of Prehistoric Studies has published a volume of documents in his honor.