The CH

A ” ‘lec’h (or lech’ ”) is a Gaulish megalith of hemispherical or oblong form. It is found in particular in Brittany, in the Massif Central and Maine. It is also found in England, Wales.

“Lec’h” is a Breton word, which means “flat stone”. It is close to the word “cromlech”. This name of lec’h is found in the old Welsh poems to designate a burial place.

The lec’hs are carved stones, taking one of two forms: semi-spherical terminal or oblong stele.

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Harrespil / hareʂpil / is the Basque name, which can be translated as “circle of stones”, given to small cromlechs that abound on the Pyrenean reliefs especially in the Basque Country. They are also called baratz, word meaning “garden” and traditionally applied to prehistoric necropolises.

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Monolithic Church

A monolithic church (or monolithic church, or rock church) is a church built in a block of stone. This kind of church is usually on a hill or mountain slope and its complexity of architecture can be compared to that of buildings. It can also be a cave summarily arranged, even decorated only (sculptures, frescoes, statues).

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Giant Church

A Giant Church () or Noise Church () is a large, stone-age stone building that can be found in Ostrobothnia and on the northern shores of Bothnian Bay.

The giant churches are Neolithic stone structures, specific to the coastal region between Yli-Ii and Närpes in Ostrobothnia. They date from 2500-2000 BCE, and are concentrated on the old coast. Most of these have been built on islands or on landforms, but can now be moved up to 30 kilometers indoors due to the postglacial rebound. There are between 40 and 50 depending on the definition you choose. The churches of the giant are usually rectangular, their length can go from about 12 to 60 meters Their height is low, between half a meter and 2 meters in some cases.

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The Chronoliths

The Chronoliths (original title: The Chronoliths) is a science-fiction novel by Canadian writer Robert Charles Wilson, published in the United States in 2001 and in France in 2003.

The novel won the 2002 John Wood Campbell Memorial Award, tied with Jack Williamson’s Terraforming Earth, and was nominated the same year for the Hugo Award for Best Novel.

The novel, which begins in 2021 and ends on an unspecified date, is composed of three parts of different lengths.

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A bazina (plural: bazinas) is a funeral monument whose upper part is often domed, frustoconical dry stone, pre-Islamic; access to the burial chamber is invisible. The dead man is buried on the ground and covered by a projecting funeral building. This post-neolithic architecture. The term comes from the Berber word meaning butte. It is found in particular around Chellala and Tamda, Algeria. In Niger, they appear around 2200 BC. J.C. and disappear with the arrival of Islam.

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Saint Conogan Stone Boat

The stone ship of Saint Conogan (Bag sant Konogan in Breton language) or vessel / stone boat is a megalith, or according to the versions a granite block (natural formation), to which is attached a legend. It is located in the town of Beuzec-Cap-Sizun, in the department of Finistere, Brittany. This stone is listed as a dolmen in the general inventory of the cultural heritage of 1983. This stone and the cultural practices associated with it are also listed in the Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in France.

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Neolithic architecture

Neolithic architecture designates a set of structures spread over a period ranging from about 10,000 to 6,000. Appeared first around 10,000 in the Near East (Anatolia, Syria, Iraq) with the emergence of agriculture and sedentary lifestyle, Neolithic architecture will spread over time from this region.

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Megalithism is a complex phenomenon, present in many parts of the world, from the end of Prehistory to the present day. The term refers to a form of Neolithic architecture consisting of erecting megaliths (from mega Greek = large; lithos = stone, literally large stones), the period during which these buildings were erected and their scientific study by archaeologists who try to understand the meaning. In particular, megalithism has been of particular importance in Europe for the Neolithic peoples. The term “megalithic art” is also used to refer to the use of megaliths, erected by prehistoric groups for religious or sepulchral purposes but also as astronomical observatories or even as an artistic medium. The expression is more generally used to describe art engraved on megaliths.

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In Neolithic architecture, a megalith (Greek mega (μέγας), “big”, and líthos (λίθος), “stone”) is a monument related to megalithism and consists of one or more large stones, erected (or lifted) by men, without the aid of mortar or cement to fix the structure. If the term “megalith” can be used to describe monuments erected everywhere on the planet at different times, the attention of researchers focuses on the oldest monuments corresponding to the Mesolithic, the Neolithic, the Chalcolithic or even the Bronze age, depending on the region. For some researchers, there exist in the Neolithic next to these megaliths, their wooden counterparts called, lack of term created to designate them, dolmens and menhirs in wood.

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