The Skarpsalling vase is a terracotta vase more than 5200 years old. It was found in a Skarp Salling corridor tomb in the prairie of Oudrup Hede, northwest of Aars in Himmerland, Denmark. The ornamentation and the technical perfection of this container make it Apart from a slight brilliance it has come to us practically intact.
A pierced stone is a pierced megalith.
Some megaliths, usually menhirs, are pierced by a hole, artificial or not, piercing it right through between two of its faces. The hole is often circular. Continue reading “Pierced stone (megalithism)”
A lyre stone is a bifurcated megalith with a central tenon – in the form of a lyre – characteristic of Senegambia, which is given an astronomical role. The lyre stone also has a symbolic value: in 1967, the Senegal Post issued a stamp dedicated to the lyre stone of Kaffrine. It has also been chosen as the logo of the Directorate of Cultural Heritage of Senegal.
In 1985, 47 bifid stones were identified by Guy Thilmans, three of which left their original site (those of Keur Ali Ngane, Soto and Djigui). The first is in one of the rooms of the Historical Museum of Senegal in Goree, the second at the Quai Branly Museum in Paris, the third in Dakar. Of the 44 stones left on the site, nine are on the Wanar site, including three on the same front line of a megalithic circle – which is exceptional. But many are damaged.
A rocky stone, a revolving stone, a flintstone, a spinning stone, a trembling stone, or a rock-stone, is a large rock placed in equilibrium and which can be swayed by strong pressure. It is usually of natural origin although some may be megaliths (dolmens, etc.).
A sliding stone (or rock slide or slide) is a stone of natural origin or megalithic subject to a belief of fertility, according to which to slide on can cure or prevent infertility.
A monolith (from the Greek, “only one”, and, “stone”) is a large block of stone, consisting of a single element, natural or cut or even displaced by Man.
A monolith can be natural: Uluru and Mount Augustus, Australia, considered the world’s largest monolith, or the monolith of Ben Amira, Mauritania, or the Zuma Rock Monolith in Nigeria. Some rock masses can be called monolithic although they are in fact aggregates of agglomerated rocks: this is the case, for example, in France of the cargneulite monolith of Sardières (high).
The stone coin, in Yap North or South Yap, is a Yap-specific monetary system, described by Cora Lee C. Gilliland, and then by Gregory Mankiw, a professor at Harvard University. Yap stones are large round stones similar to grindstones, with a hole in the middle, and whose size can range from diameter. They are cut in a native material composed of aragonite and calcite. Listed, they are in number and only for large purchases. For the rest, we use US dollars.
The moai, or moai, locally ‘mo’ai’, are the monumental statues of Easter Island (island belonging to Chile located in Polynesia), they are dated chronologically between 1250 and 1500. The majority of these monoliths are carved in tufa mainly from the Rano Raraku quarry. Some have however been carved in other volcanic rocks of the island (basalt, trachyte or volcanic tuff). Their size varies from 2.5 to 9 meters, for an average weight of 14 tons, up to the largest ones. All are monoliths turned mainly towards the interior of the island with the exception of Ahu Akivi whose moai look at the ocean. According to Jo Anne Van Tilburg, the number of Moai on the entire island is close to 887 with an average weight of, all are not visible, some are fragmented or have been recovered to build other monuments . The moai as they were to be in their final state, after edification, had white eyes made of white coral and red irises in volcanic tuff or black obsidian. Some of them wear a kind of cap, the pukao, made of red tuff, from the quarry of Puna Pau, and weighing itself several tons. Emblem of the island, the moai, large stone statues, were erected by the matamua (“the first” in Maori), former inhabitants of the island, who identified as descendants of the Polynesian discoverer Hotu Matu’a, come, according to their oral tradition, of “Hiva”, perhaps Hiva Oa or Nuku Hiva. The ahu, ceremonial platforms hosting moai, became necropolis from the secondary tombs for the reburial of skeletons brought from elsewhere are arranged there. In the Moai quarry, located on a slope of the Rano Raraku volcano, in the east of the island, one can see hundreds of statues, some seeming almost completed, others in the draft stage. It is thought that the extraction of the statues ceased because of the replacement of the ancestor cult by that of the god Make-make and the Tangata manu, the “bird-man”, at s.
The household of saint Kodelig (in Breton) is a group of stones located on the commune of Plovan in the department of Finistère. A local legend is attached to this megalithic site, composed of a Gallic stele, a Neolithic menhir and a crude flat stone. All the stones and the practices that Men have developed around them are part of the Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in France. The outdoor area is crossed by a hiking trail but the parcels on which the stones are located are private. The cleaning of Saint Kodelig is integrated into the interpretation circuit “In the footsteps of the horse of pride” and the hiking and mountain bike trail No. 24 labeled by the French Federation of Hiking.
Charles Tanguy Le Roux (born in 1941 in Quimper) is a retired general curator of Brittany’s heritage. He is also a renowned prehistorian, specialist in Neolithic and Armorican megalithism. He is the author of numerous researches and publications on this theme.