Neolithic architecture designates a set of structures spread over a period ranging from about 10,000 to 6,000. Appeared first around 10,000 in the Near East (Anatolia, Syria, Iraq) with the emergence of agriculture and sedentary lifestyle, Neolithic architecture will spread over time from this region.
The ancient structures found in the Levant regions date back to 8000. From there, neolithic structures appear around 7000 in the south of Europe and around 5500 in Central Europe.
The Neolithic peoples of the Middle East and Central Asia were building mud brick houses and villages. Some of these houses were more elaborate with a plaster and painting covering like Çatal Höyük. In Europe, houses were built of mud and tombs were made. These funerary monuments are particularly numerous in the British Isles. Megaliths (menhirs and dolmens), particularly numerous in Europe and around the Mediterranean, were also erected during the Neolithic period. These elements seem to be tombs, temples or structures whose purpose is still unknown. Wells dated between 5200 and 5100 were also found in central Germany, near Leipzig. The structures of these wells were made of wood with complex joinery joints.