The National Museum of Sudan (in Arabic) of Khartoum, the capital, has the largest archaeological collection in the country. The museum’s construction project, begun in the 1950s, was completed in the 1960s with the help of UNESCO and following the creation of Lake Nasser in 1964, which endangered a vast archaeological heritage.
The inauguration takes place in 1971. The museum includes a main exhibition building, three small temples moved before flooding of land by Lake Nasser and sheltered in sheds, and a garden with a miniature reproduction of the Nile. The exhibits are from Prehistory, ancient Egypt, the kingdom of Kush (Kerma, Napata, Meroe), the post-Meroitic period, to which must be added Christian frescoes from the cathedral of Faras.