The National Museum of Beirut (Arabic: متحف بيروت الوطني) is the main archaeological museum of Lebanon located on Damascus Street in Beirut in the district of Badaro. The inventory includes more than 100,000, most of which comes from excavations undertaken by the Antiquities Branch. About 1,300 objects are exhibited chronologically, from Prehistory to the Mamluk period.
Although the collection of artifacts began as early as the end of World War I, the museum officially opened in 1942.
During the Lebanese civil war, the Damascus street on which the museum is located formed the front line separating the antagonistic fractions called Green Line. The Egyptian building was then closed for 22 years (1975 to 1997) suffered heavy damage during the war, but most of its collections were saved by preventive measures.
After a major renovation, the National Museum has regained its importance, especially because of its Phoenician collections. Today, 520 pieces representing the funerary art and dating from the Paleolithic to the Ottoman period, are exposed in the basement of the museum.
The ocher stone building of Hellenistic style was built in the 30s by the architect Antoine Nahas.
The collection includes pieces from the Lower Palaeolithic to the Neolithic.
Announces the Phoenician cities and the appearance of the Phoenician Alphabet. The Sarcophagus of Ahiram has an inscription which is the oldest example of text of significant size written using the Phoenician alphabet. Main parts:
The Phoenician cities know the Assyrian domination, Babylonian and Persian.
The Hellenization of Alexander the Great, Ptolemaic and Seleucid graft on a local Semitic fund.