James Patrick Mallory is an American-Irish archaeologist and Indoeuropeanist. Born in 1945, he is Professor Emeritus at Queen’s University Belfast, a member of the Royal Irish Academy, and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Indo-European Studies.
Mallory received his Bachelor of Arts in History at Occidental College in California in 1967, and served three years in the US Army as a sergeant in the military police. He received his Ph.D. in Indo-European Studies from UCLA in 1975. He has held several positions at Queen’s University since, where he became Professor of Prehistoric Archeology in 1998. He worked on excavations in Ireland, but his research has concentrated mainly on the early Neolithic period, the Bronze Age in Europe, and the origin of the Proto-Indo-European hypotheses. To do this, he favors a general approach that includes literature, linguistics and archaeological evidence. This approach led him to become critical of his colleague Colin Renfrew, who locates Urheimat in Anatolia and associates his expansion with that of agriculture. A central element of his criticism is the affirmation of paleolinguistics as a reliable tool, while Renfrew would doubt it because of elements that would go against his own thesis. In 2006, Mallory co-wrote his “Introduction of Oxford to the Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World”, which details his reconstruction of language and imagines what he says of the society that spoke it. like Renfrew, Marija Gimbutas and Emile Benveniste before him.