Ernst Heinrich is a German architectural historian and archaeologist, born in Berlin on December 15, 1899 and died in the same city on March 28, 1984. His research and publications focus on architecture in Mesopotamia and more generally in the ancient Near East. .
From 1920 to 1925, he studied architecture at the Technical University of Berlin from which he graduated in 1933. That year, he participated in the excavations of the site of Uruk in Iraq and is the inventor, including the vase Uruk. He became a professor at the same university in 1948. In 1952, he was awarded the Chair in the History of Architecture, a position he held until his retirement in 1965. From 1967, he directed the excavations of Habuba Kabira and from 1969, Mumbaqat, two major sites located in north-central Syria.