Chalybes



The Chalybes (in (Khalibebi) in Greek Χάλυβες, Χάλυβοι) are a people of Antiquity, a Georgian tribe to whom the invention of steel is generally attributed. In Latin, the word Chalybs meant steel according to Virgil; steel object according to Seneca. Xenophon warns them in Book IV of his Anabasis, and craftsmen of iron, which they extract from mines; they are subject to their neighbors the Mossynecs, a people west of the Pont-Euxin. Their country abounded in iron mines: Xenophon and Apollonius of Rhodes speak about it – Apollonius says they sell it.

They lived in the Pontic country, in Pontic Mountains bordering the Euxin Bridge, on a territory that stretched from the Kızılırmak River to Trebizond and Pharnakeia (in ancient Greek) to the confines of Armenia. The little we know about this people has come down to us through the stories of Homer and Strabo. Many modern historians consider the Chalybes as a Georgian tribe. Thus, the historian Kalistrat Salia says in her History of the Georgian nation that the ethnicity of the Chalybes to the Georgian people is. Among these historians, some consider the Tchanes, a Georgian ethnic group of present-day Turkey, as their descendants.

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