The megalithic Yard is a unit of measurement of 2.72 imperial feet, or 82.9 cm, accurate to near (~), which would have been used by the “megalithic peoples” of the British Isles and Brittany.
In archeology, a trilithe (Greek, three-stones) is a megalithic structure composed of two vertical stones (or orthostats) and a third placed horizontally above the first two (like a lintel). Triliths are sometimes used in larger monuments like Stonehenge.
The cruciform corridor tomb is a complex variant of a corridor tomb found in Ireland, West Wales and Orkney Islands. They were built towards the end of the Neolithic, from about 3500 BC. They are distinguished by a long corridor, which leads to a central chamber with corbelled ceiling. From this hall extend in three directions sepulchral rooms, giving a view from above of the form of a cross. Some rooms have sub-rooms from the original three rooms.
A chamber tomb is a type of tomb used by different cultures throughout history. These tombs sometimes shelter several individuals, belonging to the same family or social group, or are sometimes for a single person or a couple and then demonstrate a high social level. It is not uncommon that beside the bodies (or ashes) of the dead are a number of objects. The rooms are often made of large stones or megaliths, but sometimes of wood, and covered with cairn or tumulus.
The Skarpsalling vase is a terracotta vase more than 5200 years old. It was found in a Skarp Salling corridor tomb in the prairie of Oudrup Hede, northwest of Aars in Himmerland, Denmark. The ornamentation and the technical perfection of this container make it Apart from a slight brilliance it has come to us practically intact.
A pierced stone is a pierced megalith.
Some megaliths, usually menhirs, are pierced by a hole, artificial or not, piercing it right through between two of its faces. The hole is often circular. Continue reading “Pierced stone (megalithism)”
A lyre stone is a bifurcated megalith with a central tenon – in the form of a lyre – characteristic of Senegambia, which is given an astronomical role. The lyre stone also has a symbolic value: in 1967, the Senegal Post issued a stamp dedicated to the lyre stone of Kaffrine. It has also been chosen as the logo of the Directorate of Cultural Heritage of Senegal.
In 1985, 47 bifid stones were identified by Guy Thilmans, three of which left their original site (those of Keur Ali Ngane, Soto and Djigui). The first is in one of the rooms of the Historical Museum of Senegal in Goree, the second at the Quai Branly Museum in Paris, the third in Dakar. Of the 44 stones left on the site, nine are on the Wanar site, including three on the same front line of a megalithic circle – which is exceptional. But many are damaged.
A rocky stone, a revolving stone, a flintstone, a spinning stone, a trembling stone, or a rock-stone, is a large rock placed in equilibrium and which can be swayed by strong pressure. It is usually of natural origin although some may be megaliths (dolmens, etc.).
A sliding stone (or rock slide or slide) is a stone of natural origin or megalithic subject to a belief of fertility, according to which to slide on can cure or prevent infertility.
A monolith (from the Greek, “only one”, and, “stone”) is a large block of stone, consisting of a single element, natural or cut or even displaced by Man.
A monolith can be natural: Uluru and Mount Augustus, Australia, considered the world’s largest monolith, or the monolith of Ben Amira, Mauritania, or the Zuma Rock Monolith in Nigeria. Some rock masses can be called monolithic although they are in fact aggregates of agglomerated rocks: this is the case, for example, in France of the cargneulite monolith of Sardières (high).