The megalithic Yard is a unit of measurement of 2.72 imperial feet, or 82.9 cm, accurate to near (~), which would have been used by the “megalithic peoples” of the British Isles and Brittany.
In archeology, a trilithe (Greek, three-stones) is a megalithic structure composed of two vertical stones (or orthostats) and a third placed horizontally above the first two (like a lintel). Triliths are sometimes used in larger monuments like Stonehenge.
The cruciform corridor tomb is a complex variant of a corridor tomb found in Ireland, West Wales and Orkney Islands. They were built towards the end of the Neolithic, from about 3500 BC. They are distinguished by a long corridor, which leads to a central chamber with corbelled ceiling. From this hall extend in three directions sepulchral rooms, giving a view from above of the form of a cross. Some rooms have sub-rooms from the original three rooms.
A chamber tomb is a type of tomb used by different cultures throughout history. These tombs sometimes shelter several individuals, belonging to the same family or social group, or are sometimes for a single person or a couple and then demonstrate a high social level. It is not uncommon that beside the bodies (or ashes) of the dead are a number of objects. The rooms are often made of large stones or megaliths, but sometimes of wood, and covered with cairn or tumulus.
The Skarpsalling vase is a terracotta vase more than 5200 years old. It was found in a Skarp Salling corridor tomb in the prairie of Oudrup Hede, northwest of Aars in Himmerland, Denmark. The ornamentation and the technical perfection of this container make it Apart from a slight brilliance it has come to us practically intact.
A pierced stone is a pierced megalith.
Some megaliths, usually menhirs, are pierced by a hole, artificial or not, piercing it right through between two of its faces. The hole is often circular. Continue reading “Pierced stone (megalithism)”
A lyre stone is a bifurcated megalith with a central tenon – in the form of a lyre – characteristic of Senegambia, which is given an astronomical role. The lyre stone also has a symbolic value: in 1967, the Senegal Post issued a stamp dedicated to the lyre stone of Kaffrine. It has also been chosen as the logo of the Directorate of Cultural Heritage of Senegal.
In 1985, 47 bifid stones were identified by Guy Thilmans, three of which left their original site (those of Keur Ali Ngane, Soto and Djigui). The first is in one of the rooms of the Historical Museum of Senegal in Goree, the second at the Quai Branly Museum in Paris, the third in Dakar. Of the 44 stones left on the site, nine are on the Wanar site, including three on the same front line of a megalithic circle – which is exceptional. But many are damaged.
A rocky stone, a revolving stone, a flintstone, a spinning stone, a trembling stone, or a rock-stone, is a large rock placed in equilibrium and which can be swayed by strong pressure. It is usually of natural origin although some may be megaliths (dolmens, etc.).
A sliding stone (or rock slide or slide) is a stone of natural origin or megalithic subject to a belief of fertility, according to which to slide on can cure or prevent infertility.
A monolith (from the Greek, “only one”, and, “stone”) is a large block of stone, consisting of a single element, natural or cut or even displaced by Man.
A monolith can be natural: Uluru and Mount Augustus, Australia, considered the world’s largest monolith, or the monolith of Ben Amira, Mauritania, or the Zuma Rock Monolith in Nigeria. Some rock masses can be called monolithic although they are in fact aggregates of agglomerated rocks: this is the case, for example, in France of the cargneulite monolith of Sardières (high).
The stone coin, in Yap North or South Yap, is a Yap-specific monetary system, described by Cora Lee C. Gilliland, and then by Gregory Mankiw, a professor at Harvard University. Yap stones are large round stones similar to grindstones, with a hole in the middle, and whose size can range from diameter. They are cut in a native material composed of aragonite and calcite. Listed, they are in number and only for large purchases. For the rest, we use US dollars.
The moai, or moai, locally ‘mo’ai’, are the monumental statues of Easter Island (island belonging to Chile located in Polynesia), they are dated chronologically between 1250 and 1500. The majority of these monoliths are carved in tufa mainly from the Rano Raraku quarry. Some have however been carved in other volcanic rocks of the island (basalt, trachyte or volcanic tuff). Their size varies from 2.5 to 9 meters, for an average weight of 14 tons, up to the largest ones. All are monoliths turned mainly towards the interior of the island with the exception of Ahu Akivi whose moai look at the ocean. According to Jo Anne Van Tilburg, the number of Moai on the entire island is close to 887 with an average weight of, all are not visible, some are fragmented or have been recovered to build other monuments . The moai as they were to be in their final state, after edification, had white eyes made of white coral and red irises in volcanic tuff or black obsidian. Some of them wear a kind of cap, the pukao, made of red tuff, from the quarry of Puna Pau, and weighing itself several tons. Emblem of the island, the moai, large stone statues, were erected by the matamua (“the first” in Maori), former inhabitants of the island, who identified as descendants of the Polynesian discoverer Hotu Matu’a, come, according to their oral tradition, of “Hiva”, perhaps Hiva Oa or Nuku Hiva. The ahu, ceremonial platforms hosting moai, became necropolis from the secondary tombs for the reburial of skeletons brought from elsewhere are arranged there. In the Moai quarry, located on a slope of the Rano Raraku volcano, in the east of the island, one can see hundreds of statues, some seeming almost completed, others in the draft stage. It is thought that the extraction of the statues ceased because of the replacement of the ancestor cult by that of the god Make-make and the Tangata manu, the “bird-man”, at s.
The household of saint Kodelig (in Breton) is a group of stones located on the commune of Plovan in the department of Finistère. A local legend is attached to this megalithic site, composed of a Gallic stele, a Neolithic menhir and a crude flat stone. All the stones and the practices that Men have developed around them are part of the Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in France. The outdoor area is crossed by a hiking trail but the parcels on which the stones are located are private. The cleaning of Saint Kodelig is integrated into the interpretation circuit “In the footsteps of the horse of pride” and the hiking and mountain bike trail No. 24 labeled by the French Federation of Hiking.
Charles Tanguy Le Roux (born in 1941 in Quimper) is a retired general curator of Brittany’s heritage. He is also a renowned prehistorian, specialist in Neolithic and Armorican megalithism. He is the author of numerous researches and publications on this theme.
A ” ‘lec’h (or lech’ ”) is a Gaulish megalith of hemispherical or oblong form. It is found in particular in Brittany, in the Massif Central and Maine. It is also found in England, Wales.
“Lec’h” is a Breton word, which means “flat stone”. It is close to the word “cromlech”. This name of lec’h is found in the old Welsh poems to designate a burial place.
The lec’hs are carved stones, taking one of two forms: semi-spherical terminal or oblong stele.
Harrespil / hareʂpil / is the Basque name, which can be translated as “circle of stones”, given to small cromlechs that abound on the Pyrenean reliefs especially in the Basque Country. They are also called baratz, word meaning “garden” and traditionally applied to prehistoric necropolises.
A monolithic church (or monolithic church, or rock church) is a church built in a block of stone. This kind of church is usually on a hill or mountain slope and its complexity of architecture can be compared to that of buildings. It can also be a cave summarily arranged, even decorated only (sculptures, frescoes, statues).
A Giant Church () or Noise Church () is a large, stone-age stone building that can be found in Ostrobothnia and on the northern shores of Bothnian Bay.
The giant churches are Neolithic stone structures, specific to the coastal region between Yli-Ii and Närpes in Ostrobothnia. They date from 2500-2000 BCE, and are concentrated on the old coast. Most of these have been built on islands or on landforms, but can now be moved up to 30 kilometers indoors due to the postglacial rebound. There are between 40 and 50 depending on the definition you choose. The churches of the giant are usually rectangular, their length can go from about 12 to 60 meters Their height is low, between half a meter and 2 meters in some cases.
The Chronoliths (original title: The Chronoliths) is a science-fiction novel by Canadian writer Robert Charles Wilson, published in the United States in 2001 and in France in 2003.
The novel won the 2002 John Wood Campbell Memorial Award, tied with Jack Williamson’s Terraforming Earth, and was nominated the same year for the Hugo Award for Best Novel.
The novel, which begins in 2021 and ends on an unspecified date, is composed of three parts of different lengths.
A bazina (plural: bazinas) is a funeral monument whose upper part is often domed, frustoconical dry stone, pre-Islamic; access to the burial chamber is invisible. The dead man is buried on the ground and covered by a projecting funeral building. This post-neolithic architecture. The term comes from the Berber word meaning butte. It is found in particular around Chellala and Tamda, Algeria. In Niger, they appear around 2200 BC. J.C. and disappear with the arrival of Islam.
The stone ship of Saint Conogan (Bag sant Konogan in Breton language) or vessel / stone boat is a megalith, or according to the versions a granite block (natural formation), to which is attached a legend. It is located in the town of Beuzec-Cap-Sizun, in the department of Finistere, Brittany. This stone is listed as a dolmen in the general inventory of the cultural heritage of 1983. This stone and the cultural practices associated with it are also listed in the Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage in France.
Neolithic architecture designates a set of structures spread over a period ranging from about 10,000 to 6,000. Appeared first around 10,000 in the Near East (Anatolia, Syria, Iraq) with the emergence of agriculture and sedentary lifestyle, Neolithic architecture will spread over time from this region.
Megalithism is a complex phenomenon, present in many parts of the world, from the end of Prehistory to the present day. The term refers to a form of Neolithic architecture consisting of erecting megaliths (from mega Greek = large; lithos = stone, literally large stones), the period during which these buildings were erected and their scientific study by archaeologists who try to understand the meaning. In particular, megalithism has been of particular importance in Europe for the Neolithic peoples. The term “megalithic art” is also used to refer to the use of megaliths, erected by prehistoric groups for religious or sepulchral purposes but also as astronomical observatories or even as an artistic medium. The expression is more generally used to describe art engraved on megaliths.
In Neolithic architecture, a megalith (Greek mega (μέγας), “big”, and líthos (λίθος), “stone”) is a monument related to megalithism and consists of one or more large stones, erected (or lifted) by men, without the aid of mortar or cement to fix the structure. If the term “megalith” can be used to describe monuments erected everywhere on the planet at different times, the attention of researchers focuses on the oldest monuments corresponding to the Mesolithic, the Neolithic, the Chalcolithic or even the Bronze age, depending on the region. For some researchers, there exist in the Neolithic next to these megaliths, their wooden counterparts called, lack of term created to designate them, dolmens and menhirs in wood.