Venus of Brizet

The Venus of Brizet (or Venus with turnips) is a marble statue discovered in a field of Saint-Just-sur-Loire (France, Department of the Loire) in 1937. Originally considered a work of art of Antiquity Roman, it was classified as object of the Historical Monuments in 1938 before one learns that it was actually a sculpture made in 1936 and buried the same year by an artist who had imagined this hoax to advertising purposes.

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Tiare of Saïtapharnès

The tiara of Saïtapharnès is a golden tiara. Acquired by the Louvre Museum in 1896, it later proved to be a forgery.

In April 1896, the Louvre reported that it had bought a tiara of gold discovered in Crimea and having belonged to the Scythian king Saïtapharnès. On the advice of Albert Kaempfen (1826-1907), then director of the National Museums, and archaeologists Antoine Héron de Villefosse and Solomon Reinach, the museum had acquired this invaluable piece for 200,000 gold francs. A Greek inscription on the tiara read: “The council and the citizens of Olbia honor the great and invincible King Saïtapharnès”. For the experts of the Louvre, this tiara confirmed an episode dating from the end of the early to the beginning of our era. At the request of its readers, the newspaper Le Figaro suggested to Solomon Reinach to tell in his columns the life of Saïtapharnès.

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Skeleton in armor

The armored skeleton is a curious object discovered in Fall River Massachusetts in 1832, and destroyed in a fire in 1843. Several hypotheses have been elaborated concerning its origin: Amerindian, Phoenician, Carthaginian, Egyptian, Viking, European settler or even fraud.

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Stones of Ica

The ” ‘Ica’ ” stones are a set of 15,000 pebbles of etesite engraved, appeared in Ica in Peru in the 1960s. The engravings represent fantastic animals, dinosaurs cohabiting with human beings, scenes evoking advanced technologies (surgical operations, heart transplants, telescopes, rockets, etc.). At first presented as authentic archaeological objects by their inventors, they finally prove to be a hoax.

Ica stones are made on andesite pebbles of various sizes. They are engraved superficially and carry various scenes and drawings, maps, missing animals such as dinosaurs or complex medical practices.

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Kensington Runestone

The Kensington Runestone is a rectangular grauwacke stone covered with runes on its face and side. Its origin and significance have been disputed since its “discovery” in 1898 at Solem Township (Douglas County) near Kensington, Minnesota. She suggests that Scandinavian explorers would have reached the middle of North America at. Scholars and historians consider James Knirk at to be the most important: “‘Fin finnes en liten klikk med amerikanere som sverger til at steinen er ekte. From the position of the skandinaviskættede realister uten peiling på språk, og from har store skarer med tilhengere. There is a small click of Americans who swear to the stone’s authenticity. They are mainly natural scientists of Scandinavian with no knowledge of linguistics, and they have large numbers of adherents. ” The runestone has been analyzed and dismissed repeatedly without local effect. See: E. Wahlgren, The Kensington Stone: A Mystery Solved (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press) 1958; T. Blegen, The Kensington Runestone: New Light on an Old Riddle (St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society) 1968; R. Fridley, “The Case of the Gran tapes,” Minnesota History 45.4 (1976: 152-56); B. Wallace, “Some points of controversy”, in B. Ashe, ed. The Quest for America (New York: Praeger) 1971: 154-74; E. Wahlgren, The Vikings and America (New York: Thames & Hudson) 1986. that it is a hoax, but the question is still debated.

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Ossuary of Silwan

The ossuary of Silwan is a burial urn, containing bones, found in Israel in 2002. It bears an inscription in Aramaic which translates as “James son of Joseph, brother of Jesus” and would date from. Some conclude that these are the bones of James the Just, the own brother of Jesus of Nazareth, first leader of the early Church, but whose existence was later hidden. Since then, they have committed themselves:

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James Mellaart

James Mellaart (-) is a British archaeologist, famous for his excavations of the Neolithic site of Çatal Höyük in Turkey.

Forbidden excavations in Turkey after 1965 for antiquities trafficking, he is accused of falsifying his finds and creation of false documents, then suspected, in 2018, to have himself made the murals he would have discovered . Continue reading “James Mellaart”

Piltdown Man

The Piltdown man, Eoanthropus dawsoni (“Dawson’s Dawn Man”) then Homo dawsoni or Homo piltdownensis, was considered early as a fossil dating from the Acheulean (Lower Paleolithic) and as a link missing between the monkey and the man because of its simian characters (lower jaw) and human (skull cap). In 1959, tests definitely showed that it was a paleontological hoax. This hoax is.

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Glozel is a locality of the town of Ferrieres-sur-Sichon, in the south-east of the department of Allier, located about thirty kilometers from Vichy, in the Bourbon mountains. It became famous from 1924, when was discovered a set of objects, attributed at first to a prehistoric time but whose antiquity and sometimes the authenticity were quickly disputed. The objects discovered are carved stones, pottery, bones, fragments of glass, and especially ceramic tablets bearing inscriptions evoking a writing in an alphabet often close to the Phoenician alphabet. These vestiges are at the origin of a strong controversy which divided a part of the scientific community, then the general public, into “Glozéliens” and “anti-Glozéliens”. The “Glozel affair” had many judicial episodes. After further analysis and dating, the Ministry of Culture released in 1995 a report that the site is primarily medieval, while containing many artifacts of the Iron Age. The report also concludes that the site has been overloaded, at an undetermined date, with some fakes whose author remains unknown.

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Cardiff Giant

The Cardiff giant is a hoax perpetrated in the United States. It was supposedly a petrified man, discovered and discovered on October 16, 1869 by workers digging a well behind the barn of William “Stub” Newell located in Cardiff, New York. The crowd came in numbers to contemplate the giant, each person having to pay and then, in view of the success of the operation, from the second day.

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